i) Villibharatham is the best tamil version of Mahabharatham. ii) Vyasar virundhu Which is the best Mahabharata book in Tamil? 3, Views. Books > Regional Languages > Tamil > ஸ்ரீ மஹாபாரதம்: The ஸ்ரீ மஹாபாரதம்: The Mahabharata in Tamil (Set of 10 Volumes). irtrimuzcomcomp.ga - download Vyasa's Mahabharata/Vyasarin Mahabharatam book online at best Vyasa's Mahabharata/Vyasarin Mahabharatam (Tamil) Paperback –
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All tamil books of Mahabharatam - free download or read online. The well known story of Vyasa enlisting the help of Ganesha to write down the long and multi-layered epic, the Mahabharata, is told with wit and freshness. Vyasa's Mahabharata/Vyasarin Mahabharatam (Tamil) Paperback Books- download Vyasa's Mahabharata/Vyasarin Mahabharatam (Tamil) Books online at lowest.
Then around 1, years ago came a man from Kerala called Adi Shankara, who travelled north via Omkara to Kashi, and then toured all over India doing something remarkable: he resurrected Vedic thinking by reframing it, using Puranic gods. He connected the old Vedic traditions Nigama to the later Puranic traditions Agama associated with pilgrimage, and worship of icons in temples. He challenged the intellectual traditions of the Buddhists and established the hermit-seer acharya tradition within Hinduism.
He inspired many scholars to write Sanskrit commentaries on the nature of God based on the Upanishads and the Bhagavad Gita. Nayanars depicted on a rock temple. Photo: Wikimedia Commons Around the same time, Brahmins like Nathamuni compiled the hymns of Alvar poets, and even composed a few. Later, acharyas like Ramanuja, renowned for his scholarship as well as administrative skills, who lived a 1, years ago, integrated the Vaishnava Tamil Veda Divya Prabandham with temple rituals in Shrirangam and other major Vaishnava temple complexes.
Likewise, Nayanar poet-saints such as Sambandhar and Appar composed songs in praise of Shiva, challenging the ways of the Jains, the Buddhists and even the Vaishnavas. The Shaiva Tamil Veda Thevaram, along with the larger canon Tirumurai was integrated with Shiva Siddhanta philosophy and temple rituals in Chidambaram and other Shaiva temple complexes. They found royal patronage with Pallava, Chola and Pandya kings. Lord Krishna with his head on the lap of the Alvar saint Andal.
Photo: Wikimedia Commons This period marks a revolution in Hinduism: at one level, the yagna rituals were completely side-lined by temple rituals, and at another level people were giving more importance to emotional relationship with God, over ritual connection via priests. It witnessed Kamban retelling the Ramayana in Tamil, which in turn inspired other poets to retell the Ramayana in their local tongue.
And so we find regional Ramayanas gradually appearing in the South, the East and finally in the North and the West. Scholars now are convinced that the origin of passionate Bhakti and a personal relationship between devotee and deity, bypassing temples and Brahmins, originated in the South and spread to the North. We can say that the Tamil Veda marks the rise of the Bhakti movement of India about a 1, years ago.
In Tamil mythology, everything started much earlier, at the dawn of time. Shiva gave a discourse on the Veda and so all sages moved North; this caused the earth to tilt and so Shiva ordered his best student, Agastya, to move South. He came carrying northern mountains such as Palni on his shoulders and northern rivers such as Kaveri in his pot. He organised Tamil grammar. He passed it on to his student, son of Jamadagni, who wrote the Tolkappiyam, the earliest work on Tamil Grammar.
About 1, years ago, around the time of Adi Shankara, a commentary on Tolkappiyam informs us about three grand assemblies of poet-saints organised by Pandyan kings and attended by gods, where Tamil poetry was presented thousands of years ago.
Tsunami-like floods washed the coastal cities, where the first two assemblies took place, away. Recent archaeological digs suggest remains of the ancient Madurai, where the third assembly may have taken place, maybe 2, years ago.
Photo: Wikimedia Commons All this talk of grand Tamil cities with assembly of poet-sages, with trading links to South-East Asia and to Middle East, washed away in floods, has led to the theory that Dravidian language thrived in the Harappan civilisation, 5, years ago, before being displaced by Sanskrit-speaking Aryans.
This thesis of Tamil being pushed away from the North is popular amongst many South Indians. By contrast, many North Indians believe that from the beginning of time, or at least since the last Ice Age, 12, years ago, across the Indian subcontinent, even in cities of Harappan civilisation, Sanskrit, the language of the gods, was spoken, and Tamil is just a branch of Sanskrit. It so happened that once Draupadi and Yudhishthir, her husband of that year, were present in the armoury when Arjuna entered it to take his bow and arrows.
Consequently, he went off in exile during which he toured the entire country, down to its southernmost tip, and married three princesses he met along the way. The prosperity of Indraprastha and the power of the Pandavas was not something that Duryodhan liked.
He invited Yudhisthir to a dice game and got his uncle, Shakuni, to play on his Duryodhan's behalf. Shakuni was an accomplished player; Yudhishthir staked - and lost - step by step his entire wealth, his kingdom, his brothers, himself, and Draupadi. Draupadi was dragged into the dice hall and insulted. There was an attempt to disrobe her, and Bheem lost his temper and vowed to kill each and every one of the Kauravas.
Things came to such a boil that Dhritarashtra intervened unwillingly, gave the kingdom and their freedom back to the Pandavas and Draupadi, and set them off back to Indraprastha. This angered Duryodhan, who talked his father around, and invited Yudhishthir to another dice game.
This time, the condition was that the loser would go on a year exile followed by a year of life incognito. The dice game was played. Yudhishthir lost again. The second exile For this exile, the Pandavas left their ageing mother Kunti behind at Hastinapur, in Vidur's place. They lived in forests, hunted game, and visited holy spots. At around this time, Yudhishthir asked Arjuna to go to the heavens in quest of celestial weapons because, by now, it was apparent that their kingdom would not be returned to them peacefully after the exile and that they would have to fight for it.
Arjuna did so, and not only did he learn the techniques of several divine weapons from the gods, he also learnt how to sing and dance from the gandharvas. After 12 years, the Pandavas went incognito for a year. During this one-year period, they lived in the Virat kingdom.
Yudhishthir took up employment as a king's counsellor, Bheem worked in the royal kitchens, Arjuna turned himself into a eunuch and taught the palace maidens how to sing and dance, the twins worked at the royal stables, and Draupadi became a handmaiden to the queen.
At the end of the incognito period - during which they were not discovered despite Duryodhan's best efforts - the Pandavas revealed themselves. The Virat king was overwhelmed; he offered his daughter in marriage to Arjuna but he declined since he had been her dance teacher the past year and students were akin to children. The princess was married, instead, to Arjuna's son Abhimanyu.
At this wedding ceremony, a large number of Pandava allies gathered to draw out a war strategy. Meanwhile, emissaries had been sent to Hastinapur to demand Indraprastha back but the missions had failed.
Krishna himself went on a peace mission and failed. Duryodhan refused to give away as much land as was covered by the point of a needle, let alone the five villages proposed by the peace missions.
The Kauravas also gathered their allies around them, and even broke away a key Pandava ally - the maternal uncle of the Pandava twins - by trickery.
War became inevitable. Krishna, the warrior par excellence, had given up arms for this war and had elected to be Arjuna's charioteer.
To him Arjuna said, "Take me back, Krishna. I can't kill these people. They're my father, my brothers, my teachers, my uncles, my sons. What good is a kingdom that's gained at the cost of their lives? Krishna explained the impermanence of life to Arjuna, and the importance of doing one's duty and of sticking to the right path.
Arjuna picked up his bow again. Do not let an expected result dictate your actions; do not sit idle either.
Casualties on both sides were high. When it all ended, the Pandavas had won the war but lost almost everyone they held dear. Duryodhan and all of the Kauravas had died, as had all of the menfolk of Draupadi's family, including all of her sons by the Pandavas.
The now-dead Karna was revealed to be a son of Kunti's from before her marriage to Pandu, and thus, the eldest Pandava and the rightful heir to the throne. The grand old man, Bheeshm, lay dying; their teacher Drona was dead as were several kinsfolk related to them either by blood or by marriage.
In about 18 days, the entire country lost almost three generations of its men. It was a war not seen on a scale before, it was the Great Indian war, the Maha-bharat.
After the war, Yudhishthir became king of Hastinapur and Indraprastha. The Pandavas ruled for 36 years, after which they abdicated in favour of Abhimanyu's son, Parikshit. The Pandavas and Draupadi proceeded on foot to the Himalayas, intending to live out their last days climbing the slopes heavenwards. One by one, they fell on this last journey and their spirits ascended to the heavens. Years later, Parikshit's son succeeded his father as king.