Sanskrit Literature, Hinduism texts, 'Eliot Deutsch, Rohit Dalvi The Essential Vedanta A New Source Book of Advaita Vedanta Treasures of the. Vedanta. A New Source Book of. Advaita Vedanta. Edited by Eliot Deutsch. &. Rohit Dalvi. Wisdom. New ource ook of dvaita edanta eutsch. Dalvi. T he Essential. Advaita-Vedanta-Eliot-Duetsch - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. file:///C:/ Klaus-Peter/My%20Documents/eBook%20html/Deutsch .
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PDF | This paper sought to look the existential anxiety of meaninglessness As Deutsch () puts it, Western philosophers tend to often misunderstand and Vedanta, and particularly the Advaita Vedanta propounded by. Advaita Vedanta: A Philosophical Reconstruction · Eliot Deutsch · Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 31 (4) (). First, I will briefly discuss the metaphysics and ontology of Advaita Vedanta. a new judgment that is based on fresh insight or experience' (Deutsch, , 3 pp.
Even though omnipresent, the Lord is pleased when meditated upon there [in the heart]. And this is to be understood by the analogy of space. Just as space, though being omnipresent, is spoken of as small or minute in reference to [its association with] such things as the eye of a needle, so it is with Brahman also.
So the smallness or minuteness of Brahman is [mentioned] in reference to its being an object of meditation, not in terms of the highest Reality paramarthika. As long as the true oneness of the Self is not apprehended, no one has the idea of unreality in reference to [empirical] transformations, which take the form of the means of knowledge, their objects, and their consequences.
This idea is also taught [by BS 1. Name and form, fabricated by ignorance, which are the seed of the manifest universe known as samsara, are indeterminable as being either real or otherwise.
But the omni- scient Lord is different from them. Thus the Lord conforms to the adjuncts upadhi of name and form, created by ignorance, as space conforms to the adjuncts such as pots and jars. And thus the lordship, the omniscience, and the omnipotence of the Lord are dependent on the distinctions of the adjuncts whose nature is ignorance. BSSh 2. So it is that for the Lord [all] activi- ties are mere play, arising out of [his own] inherent nature, not considering any other aim.
It is not possible to determine [that the Lord has] any other purpose, either using reason or on the basis of scripture. Although to us the creation of this world looks like an enormous undertaking, for the Supreme Lord parameshvara it is mere play, owing to his unlimited power shakti.
Having divided himself, He abides in the form of the four emanations vyuha Vasudeva, Sankarshana, Pradyumna, and Aniruddha. The supreme Self is called Vasudeva, the individual soul jiva is called Sankarshana, the mind is called Pradyumna, and the ego-sense is called Aniruddha. Among these, [the emanation] Vasu- deva is the highest material cause prakriti , [of which] the others— Sankarshana and the rest—are effects. Having—for a hundred years—worshiped the supreme Lord, the Blessed Lord, whose nature is such, by means of approaching [Him in temples], preparation [of materials for worship], the giving of offerings, recitation [of pray- ers, etc.
In reference to this, the following can be said. The idea that Narayana—who is well known as being beyond the unmanifest avyakta ,33 the supreme Self, the Self of all—establishes Himself by Himself in multiple emanations vyuha is not at all disputed. If in addition the constant worship of the Blessed Lord with completely concentrated mind through approaching [Him in temples], and so on, is being promoted, that also should not be discouraged, for meditation on the Lord is recommended everywhere in shruti and smriti.
How- ever, in reference to the idea that Sankarshana arises from Vasudeva, Pradyumna from Sankarshana, and Aniruddha from Pradyumna, we must object. If it is allowed that the individual soul has an origin, then defects such as impermanence invariably follow.
On this account [for example], liberation moksha , which consists in attaining the Blessed Lord, would not be possible, because an effect inevitably becomes completely destroyed when it returns to its cause.
Narayana is beyond the unmanifest avyakta. These worlds, krishna in advaita vedanta together with the earth and its seven islands, are contained within the Cosmic Egg. Having projected this world, and desiring to maintain its stability, the Blessed Lord projected the ancient progenitors and caused them to follow the path dharma of ritual action, as declared in the Vedas.
Then, having manifested others—Sanaka, Sanandana, and the other [eternal renouncers]—He caused them to follow the path of cessa- tion from action, characterized by knowledge and renunciation. After a long passage of time, dharma was being overpowered by non-dharma, owing to the rise of desire in [the minds of] its practi- tioners, who had abandoned knowledge and discrimination, and non-dharma was thriving.
Then Vishnu, the primal creator, known as Narayana, desiring to protect the stability of the world, and for the sake of protecting Brahmins, who are Brahman manifest on earth, took birth with a portion amshena [of Himself ] as Krishna, [son] of Devaki and Vasudeva. The Blessed Lord, always endowed with knowledge, dominion, power, strength, valor, and glory,36 manipulated His own maya, belonging to Him as Vishnu, the primordial matter consisting of the three gunas.
Although the unborn, immutable Lord of [all] beings, eternally pure, enlightened, and liberated,37 He appeared lakshyate , by the [power of ] His maya, as if iva born, as if possessed of a body, bestowing His grace on the world.
BhGSh, introduction, pp. Among these, the knower, ever disciplined, who has single- minded devotion, excels.
For I am exceedingly dear to the knower, and he is dear to me. Among them, between those four, the knower, who possesses knowl- edge of Reality, and who, on account of having knowledge of Reality, is ever disciplined and, on account of not seeing any other object of worship, has single-minded devotion—that person excels, that is, is endowed with excellent qualities in abundance. He39 goes be- yond [all others]. This is the idea. Since I am the Self of the knower, philosophy and theology therefore I am exceedingly dear to him.
It is well known in the world that the Self is dear. Therefore, Vasudeva, on account of being the Self, is dear to the knower. And the knower, being the very Self of Me who am Vasudeva,40 is exceedingly dear to Me. But the knower is the very Self, not different from Me, this is my settled conclusion.
The knower is again praised. At the end or conclusion of many births, which are the foundation for [accumulating] the mental impres- sions necessary for knowledge, the one possessed of knowledge, that is, whose knowledge has attained maturation, attains—through di- rect perception pratyakshatah —Me, Vasudeva, the innermost Self.
How [can this realization be expressed]? BhG 7. He wears beautiful yellow silk, and His reddish lips are like the bimba fruit. His face is as beautiful as the full moon, with eyes like lotuses. Beyond Krishna, I do not know of any higher reality. SShSS, opening invocation, p. This entire world arose, without thought, from the Lord, [Krishna,] the son of Anakadundubhi,41 the pure Consciousness that neither arises nor disappears, transcending mind and the Vedic word.
SShSS, p. But as for me, may that wondrous blue Effulgence which runs about and plays on the banks of the Yamuna long be the joy of my eyes.
GAD 13, opening invocation, p. Even though I am birthless, undying by nature, the Lord of [all] beings, commanding My primordial matter, I take birth by [the power of ] My own maya. What then is the nature of this embodiment? Commanding this maya , controlling it with the light of Consciousness, I take birth.
By a particular transformation of that maya , I am born, as it were, possessed of a body, as it were. How then is there the perception of a body in reference to the pure Being-Consciousness-Bliss that is devoid of any embodiment? BhG 4.
Only those who take refuge in Me are able to cross over this maya. For I am the foundation of Brahman, the immortal, the un- dying, and the unfailing bliss, as also of the eternal dharma.
It is the cause of the origin, maintenance, and dissolution of the world. Of that Brahman, I, Va- sudeva, the unconditioned nirvikalpaka , am the foundation, that in which it rests. BhG And therefore, because things that are superimposed adhyasta are annulled by the knowledge of their sub- stratum, all things vanish at the manifestation of the form of the Blessed Lord bhagavad-akara and merge in Him.
Therefore, by reasoning such as this it may be determined that the Blessed Lord is the nondual Self, a mass of perfect Being, Con- sciousness, and Bliss, the pure existence that is the substratum of all.
It is important to note that a philosopher does not speculate, does not express his thought, does not begin to systematize philosophically unless his 'point of view ' has been first experienced. In Advaita Vedanta, " one acquires knowledge only in an act of conscious being which is akin to what one knows and is the content of direct experience. The thought systems, nonetheless, were traditionally more akin to scriptural exegesis, for they were in the main an analysis of the classical Indian scriptures.
A comparative philosopher, however, neither accepts necessarily the scripture of the other as authoritative nor accepts even the experience of the other as authoritative. Professor Deutsch sub-titles his book "A Philosophical Reconstruction. To reconstruct a religious philosophy is to remove it considerably from its historical, cultural, and traditional context, and to search for that which has universal interest and meaning.
Consequently, this study is neither a history nor an exposition of a particular school If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE.
To follow the discussion, I'd first have to read what the two of you wrote, and what spurces you're referring to. I guess that's also why I prefer MSW to continue: let's first see what she's got to offer, and then take the time to dive into it. If we first dicuss, there will never be any improvement, only s stalemate discussion.
Idealism in philosophy, amongst other things, comes in ontological and epistemological flavors, and I just don't think this is the place to discuss it and how these flavors apply to various Indian philosophies. See this.
On this talk page, we should work towards specific suggestions to improve this article, with specific WP:RS and page numbers. Ms Sarah Welch refuses to explain in the article that idealism is the opposite of realism and that idealism includes extreme illusionism. Andrew Nicholson's Unifying Hinduism pg.
At one end are doctrines such as the extreme illusionism of the sixteenth-century Advaitin Prakasananda; at the other are the realist or nearly realist positions expressed in the early works of Sankara. It would be even better, if you also summarized Nicholson's context that goes with it.
I put idealism into the lead on December 14, but I was puzzled by your attempts to delete it here and your objections here. I then added additional sources , to back it up. Ms Sarah Welch talk , 20 December UTC Sorry, it is not proper to start editing an old version of the article and throw away the new version by default. A revert should be done only if there is something wrong with the edit as per policies. Knowledge, insight, proceeds from this study, but may not even be the most important part, althoygh this may sound strange.
It's the continuation of the tradition that's central: knowledge of the Truth, as preserved in the texts. By study, this knowledge, and thereby the universal order, is preserved. It gives a central function to mankind in this order sorry, no sources.
Avidya: belongs to the philosophy-section. Sat-cit-ananda: idem, at the Brahman-section. Koshas: it may seem strange to put these under avidya, but the koshas cover Reality; they sort of explin the conceopt of avidya.
States of consciousness: this may be a matter of dispute, but turya is not a state of consciousness in Advaita , but the basis, which is consciousness.
I'm not sure yet; I'll have to think it over. But it could be that "my" version is more 'tot he point', although less referenced.
Again, it is about "phenomenology," about the "insiders-look. It's not an "object" "outside"; it's a "cleared" "self-awareness," without the I-distortion - I think.
I'll have to think it over. I find it very paternalistic and "bossy" to demand a discussion, point by point, before making any changes. Maybe that's what we would demand from unexperienced or very one-sided editors, but not from a qualified editor like MSW.
We are discussing, aren't we? I expect we will reach agreement on all the issues you've raised. It's a different matter with really contested isssues, like the pagiarism-charges against RM; that was really best to discuss, senetence by sentence, before inserting it into the article.
It's a short lemma, with "generalistic" notions on Brahman. What's in a name? I hope the definitions work a little bit more together now to convey is this teh correct word?
I've also rephrased the term "core philosophy"; I don't think that the Advaita tradition itself uses this term, does it? It seems to be rather philosophical, in the western sense of the word: logical arguments.